Oct 14, 2014

The volcanic eruption of 1939-1941



After the colossal eruption of Santorini volcano in the 17th century BC, other smaller ones followed, which reloaded the volcano and created new volcanic cones in the islands of Palea and Nea Kameni.

While in Greece and the rest of the world World War II was approaching, the volcano in Santorini was active again, just 11 years after its last eruption. On the west side of Nea Kameni, a subsea explosion takes place on 20 August 1939 and starts spouting magma, thus creating the cone of Triton, named after the Greek mythical sea demon. Then, the activity shifted northeast and created the Fouqué lavas (from the French naturalist who studied the volcano), the Smith lavas (American volcanologist) and the Reck lavas (German volcanologist).

In August 1940, two large explosions occur in the center of the island and created the craters we can visit today. Finally, in November 1940, lavas started gushing on the east, the lavas of Niki (=Victory), named after the victories of the Greek army in the war.